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Tuesday, October 26, 2010

My English Grammar Assignment

1.       The differences between Functional Grammar and other grammars:
I think Functional grammar looks at the way in which grammar is used to construct texts in their context of use. it’s concerned in:
·         analyzing experience - what is going on,
·         analyzing interaction - who is communicating with whom
·         analyzing the ways in which messages are constructed
in analyzing experiences, we are all going to study about our activity in daily life. It means functional grammar are talking about our grammar that we use every day (functional). In analyzing interaction, we discussed about the way we speak in a formal and informal situation, also for whom we speak to. It also means the manner of speaking. The last, in analyzing the ways in which messages are constructed, we will talk about how to arrange the word to be a good sentence and how we can make the sentences understood by our opposite speaker (meaning). So, we will not make our opposite speaker misunderstand.
While, other Grammars only stop in constructing the sentences and the pattern of each sentences. Other grammars just talk about the formulas that we use in the different time, like past, future and past perfect. it doesn’t talk about the context of use like the functional grammar. So, I think the functional grammar should be the best grammar that we have to learn about. Because The content of functional grammar is more complete than any other grammar.
2.       10 examples of noun phrase
·         the identification, analysis and description of structure of words.
Head                       : words
Pre-modifiers            : the identification, analysis and description of structure of words.
·         these relations from their tacit knowledge of the rules of word formation in English.
Head                   : Relations               
Post-modifiers         : from their tacit knowledge of the rules of formation in english
·         the systematic use of sound to encode meaning in any spoken human language.
Head                    : Sound
Pre-modifiers           : The systematic use of
Post-modifiers         : to encode meaning in any spoken human language
·         the study of the principles and rules for constructing sentences in natural languages.
Head                    : study
Post-modifiers         :  the principles for constructing and the rules for constructing sentences in natural language
·         The second component of a complex noun phrase is pre-modification.
Head                             : component
Pre-modifiers           : second
Post-modifiers         : of a complex noun phrase

·         The Senate of the United States
Head                    : senate
Post modifiers          : of the united states
·         The dog in the store
Head                    : dog
Post modifiers          : in the store
·         The man walking to the store
Head                    : man
Post modifiers          : walking to the store
·         The place to stay for summer holidays should be pleasant
Head                    : place
Post modifiers          : to stay for summer holidays
·         My younger sister’s examination
Head                     : examination
Pre modifiers            : my younger sister’s
 

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